6th Period - Second County of Portugal
(11th Century to 12th Century)

11th C. --
1077 Don Alfonso VI of Castile and León declares himself as Emperor of "All Spain"
1080 Count Sisnando Davides of Coimbra takes part in an invasion of Granada
1083 The army of Don Alfonso VI of Castile and León reaches as far as Tarifa in the south of the Peninsular
1085 Don Alfonso VI of Castile and León captures Toledo
1085 The Benedictine Order of Cluny established in Portugal (1086-1096)
1086 October - Battle of Zallacca - Almoravids tribe arrive to help remaining Moors and defeat Don Alfonso IV near Badajoz
1087 Duque Eudo of Burgandy arrives in the Peninsular with Count Raymond of Burgundy and his cousin Henry of Burgundy bringing troops to help fight Don Alfonso VI against the Moors
1090 Yusuf ibn Tashfin conquer all Iberian Taifas
1090 Count Raymond of Burgundy and Henry of Burgundy return to Iberia again to fight the Moors and Galicia is under the control of Count Raymond
1091 The Almoravids army kill Abu l-Hasim Mohammed II and take control of the area of Andalucia in the south of Spain
1091 The Almoravids army kill Abu l-Hasim Mohammed II and take control of some major towns in the south of Spain
1092 Count Sisnand of Coimbra dies and is succeeded by Count Martin Moniz
1092 Count Raymond and son of Duque Eudo of Burgandy marries Dona Urraca daughter of Don Alfonso VI of Castile and León - he governs land from Coimbra northwards including Galicia
1093 al-Mutawakil, ruler of Badajoz, gifts the castles of Lisbon, Santarém and Sintra to Don Alfonso VI of Castile and León
1093 Don Henrique of Burgundy is declared 9th Count of Portugal having received the title by marrying the daughter of King Afonso VI
1093 22nd April - Don Henry removes Count Martin Moniz from Coimbra and grants it to Don Alfonso VI
1094 Don Henry marries Dona Teresa of León (Don Alfonso VI's illegitimate daughter by Ximena Nunes) - her dowery is the lands of Portugal
1094 Don Alfonso VI grants Dom Henry control of Portugal and Coimbra but it still remains part of the Kingdom of León - Dom Henry is referred to as "Lord of Coimbra and Galicia"
1094 El Cid seizes Valencia
1094 Siri ibn Abi Bakr with Almoravids army captures Badajoz and Lisbon
1095 Almoravids army take Lisbon, Santarém and Sintra
1095 The First Crusade to the Holy Land
1096 9th April - Don Alfonso IV of Castile gives the County of Portugal as a present to his daughter Dona Teresa the wife of Don Henry, Count of Portugal and son-in-law to Dom Hugo the powerful Abbot of Cluny
1097 Yusuf ibn Tashfin adopts title of Amir al Muslimin (Prince of the Muslims)
1099 Jerusalem is captured by the invading army of Crusaders
1099 The Almoravids commence to settle in the area known as (al-Gharbh al-Andalus (Algarve)
12th C. --
1102 Diego Gemírez as Bishop of Santiago de Compostelo raids Dume in Portugal and removes relics of Saint Victor and Saint Fructuous to Santiago de Compostela
1103 Portugal is ruled by his Henry's wife Dona Teresa and Don Soeiro Mendes in the absence of Henry as he travels to Rome and then onto Jerusalem
1105 Almohades tribe and its anti-Christian faith policy sweeps Iberia
1107 Don Raymond of Burgundy dies and the Kingdom of Galicia is passed to his son Don Alfonso Raimúndez
1108 Birth of Dom  Afonso Henriques on July 25th - (parents are Don Henry de Burgundy and Dona Teresa of Leon)
1109 Don Alfonso VI of Castile dies - his wife Dona Urraca is the sole inheritor of the Kingdom of Castile and marries Don Alfonso I of Aragon
1110 Dom Alfonso I of Aragon invades Portugal and Don Henry of Portugal successfully besieges him in Penafiel
1110 Henry of Portugal sides with his sister-in-law Dona Urraca of Castile against Don Alfonso I of Aragon
1111 Almoravids led by Siri ibn Abi Bakr occupy Lisbon and Santarém
1111 Conference of Palência - Dona Urraca of Castile agrees to improve her relationship with Don Henry of Portugal and her sister Dona Teresa
1111 Don Henry of Portugal feels betrayed by Dona Urraca of Castile and Dom Alfonso I of Aragon and besieges them both in Sahagún whilst aided by Dona Urraca's son Don Alfonso Raimúndez of Galicia
1111 Don Henry of Portugal grants City rights to Coimbra
1111 Henry of Portugal's army capture Santarém from the Moors
1111 Don Alfonso Raimúndez of Galicia is declared King of Castile and León as King Alfonso VII - the title is not accepted by other Iberian ruling families
1112 Don Henry of Portugal dies - his son Dom Afonso Henriques at the age of four inherits County of Portugal but due to his young age he is governed as a Regent by his mother Dona Teresa of León who styles herself as Regina (Queen of Portugal)
1114 Marriage between Dona Urraca of Castile and Don Alfonso I of Aragon annulled
1114 Taifas of Beja and Évora become independent of Seville
1116 Dona Teresa of León and Portugal commences war against Dona Urraca of Castile
1116 Almoravids led by Emir Ali ibn Yusuf capture castles of Miranda do Corvo and Montemor-o-Velho
1117 The "Cavalheiros de Évora" founded - later to become the "Order de Avis"
1117 Almoravids led by Emir Ali ibn Yusuf capture Coimbra - they lay seige to Lisbon but retreat after 20 days
1118 The foundation of the Order of Templars
1120 Dom Afonso Henriques joins the Bishop of Braga against his mother Dona Teresa of León and her new lover Count Fernando Peres de Trava of Galicia
1120 Dona Urraca of Castile invades Galicia but later makes peace with her sister Dona Teresa of León who takes refuge in the castle of Lanhoso
1121 Dona Teresa of León marries Count Fernando Peres de Trava - the Portuguese nobles leave the Court as they do not approve
1121 Don Alfonso Raimúndez of Galicia joins his mother Dona Urraca of Castile in Portugal and capture Dona Teresa of Portugal at Lanhoso - she goes free after agreeing to the County of Portugal becoming a part of the Kingdom of León
1121 Dom Paio Mendes is nominated as Bisphop of Braga
1121 Don Fernão Peres de Trava of Galicia is nominated as Governer of Porto and Coimbra - he abandons his wife in favour of Dona Teresa
1124 Dom Afonso Henriques at 13 years of age declares himself a Knight in the Cathedral of Santiago
1125 Dom Afonso Henriques at 14 years of age declares himself a Knight in the Cathedral of Zamora
1126 Dona Urraca of Castile dies and her son Don Alfonso Raimúndez of Galicia becomes Don Alfonso VII of Castile and León
1127 Dona Teresa of Portugal donates Vimeiro to the Order of Cluny
1127 Dona Alfonso VII of Castile invades Portugal and besieges Guimarães - Count Egas Moniz de Ribadouro convinces Don Alfonso VII of the loyalty of County of Portugal to the Kingdoms of Castile and León
1127 Portuguese Barons begin to openly support Dom Afonso Henriques as their defender and place themselves under his protection
1128 June - Battle of São Mamede - Dom Afonso Henriques aged 19 defeats his mother's army on July 24th and wins control of County of Portugal and he is declared by his subjects as the "Duke of Portugal"
1128 March - Introduction of the religious and military Order of Knights Templars into Portugal by Dona Teresa
-- --
5th Period First County of Portugal (9th Century to 11th Century)
7th Period First Dynasty of Portugal - Burgundy (12th Century to 14th Century)
 

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NOTE
The above was compiled by Michael Tannock from published information in the Portuguese language. While every care was taken in obtaining the above facts some conflicting dates, information and spelling were encountered. In such cases, our own discretion was used in choosing which facts to publish.

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